In the land of Friuli Colli Orientali DOC
Wine is an intimate reflection of both its grape and, uniquely, its “terroir”. This untranslatable French word embraces four elements – climate, geology, aspect and soil – of the growing environment that make the local wines so distinctive. The terroir of Castello di Buttrio comprises:
The climate category most suitable for growing vines lies between the 39th and 49th parallels where the average annual temperature ranges from 10 to 20 °C. Our Buttrio estate lies on the 46th parallel.
The geological component of terroir has to do with rock formations. Parent rock breaks down into soil, which derives its chemical and physical characteristics from the original material. The vine’s roots absorb the elements that characterise the wine’s sensory profile as they interact with the soil.
The Roman agronomist Columella notes that “vitis amat apricis colles” and the poet Virgil tells us in his Eclogues that “duceret apricis in collibus uva colorem”. These observations – “vines love sunny hills” and “grapes acquire colour on sunny hills” – help us to understand the relationship between the plant and the right location. It is common knowledge that hillslopes are the ideal place for producing great wines because they concentrate the sunlight the plant needs to develop its vital functions.